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ISO 9001:2015

Multistage pumps

A multistage pump, also known as a centrifugal multistage pump, is a type of pump that consists of multiple impellers arranged in series. Each impeller is designed to increase the pressure of the fluid as it passes through, and the overall effect is a significant boost in pressure compared to a single-stage pump.

The working principle of a multistage pump is similar to that of a single-stage centrifugal pump. The pump uses centrifugal force generated by the rotating impellers to increase the fluid’s velocity. As the fluid flows through each impeller, its velocity is increased, and the kinetic energy is converted into pressure energy.

The impellers in a multistage pump are typically mounted on a common shaft and enclosed in a single casing. The fluid enters the first-stage impeller at the center and is directed towards the outer edge by the curved blades of the impeller. The high-velocity fluid then enters the second-stage impeller, and the process repeats for subsequent stages. Each impeller adds energy to the fluid, resulting in a higher pressure output.

Multistage pumps are commonly used in applications that require high-pressure output, such as water supply systems, boiler feedwater, industrial processes, reverse osmosis systems, and oil and gas pipelines. They are capable of generating significantly higher pressures than single-stage pumps, making them suitable for situations where high-pressure delivery is required over long distances or through pipelines with high resistance.

One advantage of multistage pumps is their efficiency. By dividing the pressure increase across multiple stages, each impeller can operate at a lower pressure differential, reducing the energy losses associated with high-pressure differentials. This improves the overall efficiency of the pump.

It’s important to note that multistage pumps require proper maintenance and monitoring to ensure their optimal performance. Regular inspection, checking for wear and tear, and monitoring the pump’s operating conditions are essential for their reliable operation.

Overall, multistage pumps are a versatile and efficient solution for applications requiring high-pressure fluid transfer. Their ability to deliver substantial pressure boosts makes them valuable in various industries where pumping fluids against high resistance or over long distances is necessary.